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How to test a provider of a component in Angular application

If we have a component with providers for testing, we need to mock everything except the provider:

beforeEach(() => MockBuilder(TargetService, TargetComponent));

This code will set up TestBed with a mocked copy of TargetComponent, but leave TargetService as it is, so we would be able to assert it.

In the test we need to render the mocked component, find its element in the fixture and extract the service from the element. If we use MockRender we can access the element of the component via fixture.point.

const fixture = MockRender(TargetComponent);const service = fixture.point.injector.get(TargetService);

Live example#

https://github.com/ike18t/ng-mocks/blob/master/examples/TestProviderInComponent/test.spec.ts
import { Component, Injectable } from '@angular/core';import { MockBuilder, MockRender } from 'ng-mocks';
// A simple service, might have contained more logic,// but it is redundant for the test demonstration.@Injectable()class TargetService {  public readonly value = 'target';}
@Component({  providers: [TargetService],  selector: 'target',  template: `{{ service.value }}`,})class TargetComponent {  public constructor(public readonly service: TargetService) {}}
describe('TestProviderInComponent', () => {  // Because we want to test the service, we pass it as the first  // parameter of MockBuilder.  // Because we do not care about TargetComponent, we pass it as  // the second parameter for being replaced with a mock copy.  // Do not forget to return the promise of MockBuilder.  beforeEach(() => MockBuilder(TargetService, TargetComponent));
  it('has access to the service via a component', () => {    // Let's render the mock component. It provides a point    // to access the service.    const fixture = MockRender(TargetComponent);
    // The root element is fixture.point and it is the TargetComponent    // with its injector for extracting internal services.    const service = fixture.point.injector.get(TargetService);
    // Here we go, now we can assert everything about the service.    expect(service.value).toEqual('target');  });});