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How to mock a structural directive with let and of

Angular supports short syntax to declare a structural directive.

For example

<div *dxTemplate="let cellTemplate of 'actionsCellTemplate'">
{{ cellTemplate.data }}
</div>

means that the cellTemplate variable will point to the $implicit context of the directive, and the string 'actionsCellTemplate' will be assigned to the dxTemplateOf input of the directive.

Static context

The simplest way is to provide a fake $implicit context of DxTemplateDirective. That can be done with help of the render flag, which is a part of MockBuilder.

beforeEach(() =>
MockBuilder().mock(DxTemplateDirective, {
render: {
$implicit: {
data: 'MOCK_DATA',
},
},
}),
);

In this case, during rendering cellTemplate.data will point to MOCK_DATA, and we can assert that:

const html = ngMocks.formatHtml(fixture);
expect(html).toEqual('<div> MOCK_DATA </div>');

Additionally, we can assert that the value of dxTemplateOf of the directive is 'actionsCellTemplate'.

const instance = ngMocks.findInstance(DxTemplateDirective);
expect(instance.dxTemplateOf).toEqual('actionsCellTemplate');

Dynamic context

If static context isn't an option, then instead of rendering the structural directive with other elements, it can be rendered later on in the middle of testing.

To do that we need to use ngMocks.render to render the directive, and ngMocks.hide to hide the directive.

// We need to find the instance of the directive.
const instance = ngMocks.findInstance(DxTemplateDirective);
// To render the instance, we need to pass it as the first and the seconds parameters.
// $implicit context is the third parameter.
ngMocks.render(instance, instance, {
data: 'MOCK_DATA',
});

Live example of static context

https://github.com/ike18t/ng-mocks/blob/master/examples/TestDirectiveLetOf/static.spec.ts
import {
Directive,
Input,
TemplateRef,
ViewContainerRef,
} from '@angular/core';

import { MockBuilder, MockRender, ngMocks } from 'ng-mocks';

@Directive({
selector: '[dxTemplate]',
})
class DxTemplateDirective {
@Input() public readonly dxTemplateOf: string | null = null;

public constructor(
protected templateRef: TemplateRef<any>,
protected viewContainerRef: ViewContainerRef,
) {}
}

describe('TestDirectiveLetOf:static', () => {
beforeEach(() =>
MockBuilder().mock(DxTemplateDirective, {
// We should not only render the structural directive,
// but also provide its context variables.
render: {
$implicit: {
data: 'MOCK_DATA',
},
},
}),
);

it('renders a mock of structural directives', () => {
const fixture = MockRender(`
<div *dxTemplate="let cellTemplate of 'actionsCellTemplate'">
{{ cellTemplate.data }}
</div>
`);

// firstly, let's check that we passed 'actionsCellTemplate' as input value.
expect(
ngMocks.findInstance(DxTemplateDirective).dxTemplateOf,
).toEqual('actionsCellTemplate');

// secondly, let's check that MOCK_DATA has been rendered.
expect(ngMocks.formatHtml(fixture)).toEqual(
'<div> MOCK_DATA </div>',
);
});
});

Live example of dynamic context

https://github.com/ike18t/ng-mocks/blob/master/examples/TestDirectiveLetOf/dynamic.spec.ts
import {
Directive,
Input,
TemplateRef,
ViewContainerRef,
} from '@angular/core';

import { MockBuilder, MockRender, ngMocks } from 'ng-mocks';

@Directive({
selector: '[dxTemplate]',
})
class DxTemplateDirective {
@Input() public readonly dxTemplateOf: string | null = null;

public constructor(
protected templateRef: TemplateRef<any>,
protected viewContainerRef: ViewContainerRef,
) {}
}

describe('TestDirectiveLetOf:dynamic', () => {
beforeEach(() => MockBuilder().mock(DxTemplateDirective));

it('renders a mock of structural directives', () => {
const fixture = MockRender(`
<div *dxTemplate="let cellTemplate of 'actionsCellTemplate'">
{{ cellTemplate.data }}
</div>
`);

// firstly, let's check that we passed 'actionsCellTemplate' as input value.
const instance = ngMocks.findInstance(DxTemplateDirective);
expect(instance.dxTemplateOf).toEqual('actionsCellTemplate');

// secondly, let's render the structural directive,
// and assert that MOCK_DATA is present.
ngMocks.render(instance, instance, {
data: 'MOCK_DATA',
});
expect(ngMocks.formatHtml(fixture)).toEqual(
'<div> MOCK_DATA </div>',
);
});
});