Skip to main content


ngMocks.crawl is a special function which goes through the passed DebugNode or DebugElement, respects structure ng-container and ng-template elements, and calls a callback function on every item.

ngMocks.crawl is used internally by functions which search for desired elements and instances inside of fixtures. It is better to use one of them, than this one. ngMocks.crawl is in shared API in order to give a tool to create some exotic selectors, which are not covered by ng-mocks.

The function accepts a DebugNode or a DebugElement as the first parameter, and a callback as the second parameter. If the callback returns true then ngMocks.crawl stops. The callback will receive 2 parameters, the first one is the current node and the second one is its parent if it is present.

There is a special 3rd parameter, in case if you need to include #text nodes. They are skipped by default, because different versions of angular produce a different amount of text nodes for the same template.

ngMocks.crawl(debugElement, callback, textNodes);

or simply with selectors which are supported by ngMocks.find.

ngMocks.crawl('div.root', callback, textNodes);

Example: first div#

A simple example, how we can find a div element. Let's assume that the fixture points to the root element.

<section>  <div>hello</div></section>

Then in the callback, we can check nodeName.

// looks for the first divngMocks.crawl(  fixture.debugElement,  node => {    if (node.nativeNode.nodeName === 'DIV') {      // do something and stop the walk      return true;    }  },);

Example: direct children of ng-container#

Let's assume we want to get all child elements of the first ng-container, and the fixture points to the root element.

<ng-container>  <div>1</div>  <div>2</div></ng-container><ng-container>  <div>3</div>  <div>4</div></ng-container>

Then in the callback we can find ng-container and then its children.

// let's find the first ng-containerlet ngContainer: any;ngMocks.crawl(  fixture.debugElement,  (node, parent) => {    // ng-container is the first element    // in our fixture    if (parent === fixture.debugElement) {        ngContainer = node;                return true;    }  },);
// let's find its divsconst divs = [];ngMocks.crawl(  ngContainer,  (node, parent) => {    // the same story    if (parent === ngContainer) {      divs.push(node);      // no return because we need all divs    }  },);